August 22nd, 2012|
August 22, 2012
Contributing to a substantial number of deaths and permanent disability cases, traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem in the United States, according to the Brain Injury Association of Ohio (BIAO). On average, approximately 1.7 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury annually.
A TBI can be caused by a bump, blow, jolt, or severe injury to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Not all blows or jolts to the head result in a TBI. The majority of TBIs that occur each year are concussions or other forms of mild TBI.
BIAO estimates that the number of new incidences of TBIs per year in Ohio is 11,174, with the mortality rate being 17.7 percent. Nearly 2000 Ohioans die of TBI each year. More than one thousand Ohioans are hospitalized each year due to TBI, and between 2590-3330 Ohioans are disabled each year due to TBI. There are now 196,047 people living in Ohio with long term disabilities as a result of TBI.
Symptoms that indicate a brain injury may include persistent headache and neck pain and ringing in your ears. But of course, a detailed neurological examination, often with a CAT scan, MRI, SPECT, or PET scan, is necessary to diagnose TBI.